Impact of Cultural Competency Training in Naturopathic Medical Students: Self-Assessed Changes in Awareness, Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54434/candj.113

Keywords:

Medical education, Anti-racism, Anti-oppression, Cross-cultural care, Professionalism, Diversity, Health equity, DEI

Abstract

Introduction: Cultural competency training is a growing requirement in medical schools across North America. Although accredited naturopathic medical schools now include some elements of cultural competency training throughout their programs, no literature to date has evaluated the effect of cultural competency curriculum among naturopathic medical students. This study evaluated the impact of a cultural competency training program of 4th-year naturopathic medical students at an accredited naturopathic medical educational institution in North America.

Methods: Pre- and post-training online surveys were completed by naturopathic medical students using a 1 to 5 numerical scale (least to most confident), self-evaluating their awareness, knowledge, skills, and willingness to change behaviours, with some survey items adapted from the short version of the Cross-Cultural Care Survey (Harvard). Descriptive statistics were calculated, and a paired two-sided Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to examine changes between pre- and post-training responses.

Results: Out of 134 students enrolled in the training, 46 participants completed both the pre- and post-training surveys and were included in the final analysis. There was a statistically significant increase in self-rated confidence from pre- to post-training across all individual survey items spanning improvements in cultural competency awareness, knowledge, skills, and attitudes among students who completed both surveys.

Conclusions: Results from this study indicate that cultural competency training of naturopathic students may improve their subjective assessment of their awareness, knowledge, skills, and attitudes related to working with diversity in clinical practice. Future research would benefit from using validated assessment scales, reducing loss to follow up, and investigating factors such as social demographics, prior training, and lived experience amongst participants.

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Published

2022-06-28

How to Cite

1.
Gilbert C, Cardozo V, Vedadi H. Impact of Cultural Competency Training in Naturopathic Medical Students: Self-Assessed Changes in Awareness, Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes. CANDJ [Internet]. 2022 Jun. 28 [cited 2022 Aug. 17];29(2):18-24. Available from: https://candjournal.ca/index.php/candj/article/view/113

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Original Research